Fruit Enzymes vs Fruit Acids
Fruit acids – a member of the alpha-hydroxy acid family (AHAs) that derive directly from fruits. They are well known for their dynamic ability to exfoliate the skin. Fruit acids make up some of the most popular and common acids used in skincare today so we’re sure names like citric acid and malic acid ring a bell. A little FYI, even though fruit acids are AHAs, not every AHA is a fruit acid like lactic acid and mandelic acid.
Since fruit acids are AHAs, they work the same way any acid within the group does. A little refresher in case you didn’t know: AHAs are water-soluble acids that work mainly on the surface of the skin and are an excellent option for treating dull skin, fine lines and wrinkles. Citric acid and malic acid are slightly gentler than some of their counterparts because they consist of larger molecules which don’t penetrate as deeply into the skin.
Fruit acids are super effective for promoting healthy and thorough exfoliation and as a result, target a wide range of skin concerns but nonetheless, they aren’t suitable for everyone. Depending on the sensitivity of your skin, you may find that fruit acids are too potent for you to use. If this is the case, allow us to introduce you to fruit enzymes.
Fruit enzymes are often referred to as the more sensitive skin-friendly option for exfoliation as they adopt a gentler approach. They derive from fruit and vegetable sources and act as catalysts for various processes within the body including exfoliation. They work by breaking down the keratin protein which is in charge of binding together dead skin cells in the outermost layer of your skin. By dismantling the protein, fruit enzymes create the ideal environment for the dead skin to shed away and allow the renewed, radiant skin to take centre stage.
Like fruit acids, enzymes dissolve dead skin cells to promote improved product absorption. Any build-up or presence of dead skin prevents products from penetrating deeper into the layers of your skin and working as hard as it was made to. Some of the most hardworking fruit enzymes in skincare include pineapple, papaya, kiwi, pumpkin and blueberries. Each enzyme has unique skin-repairing benefits in addition to exfoliation. Bromelain, found in pineapples, helps to reduce redness and soothe the skin due to its antibacterial and antioxidant properties. Pineapples contain vitamin C which is famously known for promoting healthy glowing and radiant skin. Pumpkin also contains vitamin C as well as vitamin A – a combination that does wonders for the skin. Not only do pumpkin enzymes promote brighter and smoother skin, but they also fight against UV damage and breakouts, reduce fine lines and wrinkles and improve uneven skin tone – what more could you ask for?!
Although acids are safe to use on your skin, they do have the ability to compromise your skin barrier which is a lot less likely when using fruit enzymes. Enzymes typically maintain a neutral pH meaning they’re kind to your skin and reduce the risk of redness, breakouts, itchiness or dryness you may experience when exfoliating or trying new products.
If you want to explore fruit enzymes further, why not try Versed Doctor’s Visit Instant Resurfacing Mask. It contains a blend of AHAs, BHA and enzymes to tackle hyperpigmentation and boost cell turnover for brighter, smoother and rejuvenated skin. The pineapple and papaya enzymes gently exfoliate to remove bacteria and sebum whilst simultaneously softening skin and providing an ‘instant glow.’
Whether you use fruit acids, fruit enzymes or both, be sure to use these ingredients in moderation and according to the usage guidelines provided so that your skin can reap the benefits without the risk of disrupting your skin barrier.